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A MARTIAN INDEX

by Chris Wayan, 2003

Mars Reborn: homepage -- Index: Martian place names -- Planetocopia: more world-models

An index of Martian place names, with links to photos and short articles about Mars after terraforming.

GEOGRAPHIC TERMS

INDEX
  1. ACIDALIA, a northern plain, now a lobe of the North Sea
  2. AEOLIA, terraforming's triumph: equatorial coast with rainforest taller than redwoods
  3. ALBA PATERA, a low, broad, northern volcano
  4. AMAZONIS, heart of the Martian rainforest
  5. AMAZONIS SEA, warm shallow arm of the North Sea
  6. AMPHITRITE PATERA, a volcano on the south shore of Hellas
  7. ANTONIADI, a crater-oasis on the Araby-Syrtis border
  8. AONIA, Red Mars preserved: southern high desert with life only in craters
  9. APOLLINARIS PATERA, a large equatorial volcano, south of Elysium
  10. ARABY, the great northern desert once called Arabia Terra
  11. ARCADIA, just north of Olympus; Oregon on Mars
  12. ARCTICA, the new polar continent; much like Greenland
  13. ARES VALLEY, a long desert river east of lower Mariner Canyon
  14. ARGYRE SEA, a mammoth impact basin; ringed with high mountains
  15. AROMATUM CHAOS, an equatorial water-maze in the lower Mariner Canyon complex
  16. ARSIA MONS, a volcano of Tharsis, rivaling Oympus in height, but narrower and steeper
  17. ARSINOES CHAOS, an equatorial water-maze in the lower Mariner Canyon complex
  18. ASCRAEUS MONS, volcano in Tharsis rivaling Oympus in height. Wide caldera with huge cliffwalled gap
  19. CANDOR CHASMA, in the north-center of the Mariner complex; now flooded and full of islands
  20. CAPRI CHASMA, a wide, chaotic eastern part of the Mariner canyon complex; now a sound full of islands
  21. CASSINI, a great crater in Araby, now an oasis
  22. CERAUNIUS THOLUS, large volcano in north Tharsis south of Lake Uranius
  23. CERBERUS FOSSAE, a range of canyons and hills in southeast Elysium
  24. the CHAOTIC TERRAINS, the fractal landscape of the lower Mariner Canyon complex
  25. CHARITIUM MONTES, the radial mountains south and east of the Argyre Sea. Cold and snowy
  26. CHASMA BOREALE, an ice-covered sound cutting into Arctica almost to the pole.
  27. CHRYSE GULF, a shallow sea about the size of the Mediterranean, north of the Mariner canyons
  28. CIMMERIA, Red Mars preserved: a largely featureless red plain. Lava flow?
  29. CLARITAS FOSSAE, an overlooked Andes curving south of Mariner Canyon
  30. COPERNICUS, a forested crater in the Southern Highlands between Aonia and Cimmeria
  31. COPRATES CHASMA, the deepest stretch of Mariner Canyon, east of Melas
  32. CYDONIA, the coast of desert isles
  33. the DAEDALUS PLATEAU, cursed by altitude
  34. DAO VALLEY, a fjord and river valley, northeast Hellas
  35. the DELTA, lenticular heaven
  36. DEUTERONILUS MENSAE, a Siberian coast north of Araby. Locals call it just Deutero
  37. ECHUS CHASMA, a two-mile-high cliff, now a flyers' mecca
  38. ELYSIUM, the one true continent
  39. EOS CHASMA, southeastern stretch of Mariner Canyon, now a wide sound full of islands
  40. GANGES CHASMA, a dead-end arm of lower Mariner Canyon, now a wide, deep, cliffwalled sound
  41. GREAT ESCARPMENT: cliffs roughly girdling Mars, as the Southern Highlands drop to the North Sea basin. Prominent above Isidis Bay and Amazonia
  42. GUSEV CRATER, in Aeolia, is now a lake... again.
  43. MT HADRIACA, a volcano at the southeast end of Tyrrhena Highland, north of Hellas Basin
  44. HARMAKIS VALLEY, a fjord and river valley, east Hellas
  45. HEBES CHASMA, a deep pit with a central mesa southeast of Echus Chasma and Kasei; the source of the Kasei outbreak. Now a cliffwalled valley with lakes.
  46. the HELLAS SEA, a deep, dense-aired basin, now a Terran terrarium; warmest place on Mars
  47. HERSCHEL, a large crater, now an oasis northeast of Hellas
  48. HESPERIA, a steppe revived at last
  49. HUYGENS, a huge crater, now an oasis with a central lake, northwest of Hellas
  50. the IAPYGIAN SINK, a fertile mystery; a trough between the North Sea and Hellas
  51. ISIDIS BAY, an old impact basin, now a coral sea
  52. IUS CHASMA, a straight canyon linking Noctis Labyrinthus and Melas Chasma in the upper Mariner complex
  53. JUVENTA CHASM, a cliffwalled sink in southern Xanthe
  54. KASEI VALLEY, a prairie north of Mariner Canyon; prezebra and elephant heaven
  55. KEPLER, a large crater, now an oasis east of Hellas
  56. LOMONOSOV, a large northern crater, now a tundra island
  57. LOWELL, a deep double-walled crater, now a large southern oasis
  58. LUCUS FOSSAE, now a ridged and grooved equatorial cape southwest of Olympus
  59. the LUNAE PLANUM, a tropical plain--but wet or dry? My guess: wooded ends, grassy middle
  60. the LYCUS SULCI, a wrinkled lava coast west of Olympus; one of Mars's few coastal deserts
  61. LYOT, biggest crater of the north, now a rugged, dark-forested, ringshaped island
  62. MA'ADIM RIVER, a long southern stream flowing north into Gusev Crater
  63. MAJA VALLEY, a canyon in Xanthe whose river drains Juventa Chasm
  64. MALEA PLAIN, a low steppe southwest of Hellas; mild for the region; a migration corridor to Argyre
  65. MANGALA VALLEY southwest of Olympus; a river on the edge of life
  66. MAREOTIS FOSSAE, a mountain range in Tempe with more ridges than grooves, despite its name
  67. MARGARITIFER CHAOS, a large, indescribable mess in the lower Mariner Canyon complex
  68. MARINER CANYONS, less certain than you think
  69. the MARINER DELTA, lenticular heaven
  70. MAWRTH RIVER, a winding, seasonal stream east of the Mariner Delta; border of Cydonia
  71. MEDUSA VALLEY, east end of the Martian jungle, not far from Olympus
  72. MELAS CHASMA, the center of the Mariner canyon complex, now flooded and full of islands.
  73. MERIDIA, Terra Meridiani, now an equatorial grass-belt separating two deserts, Araby and Noachia
  74. MIE, a northern crater, now a cool, rainy ring-island
  75. MTS OF MITCHEL, an icy arm of the South Polar Cap reaching toward Hellas
  76. NEPENTHE VALLEY, an equatorial floodplain southeast of Isidis Bay; the Martian Eden
  77. NEREIDIM MONTES, the arcuate mountains northwest of the Argyre Sea; a giant craterwall
  78. NEWTON, a very deep, forested crater in the Southern Highlands between Aonia and Cimmeria
  79. NILI PATERA, a shield volcano in Syrtis creating a rainshadow
  80. the NILO COAST, a vast, cool coastal forest; the wide east end is the Proto Coast, the narrow west the Deutero Coast
  81. NILOSYRTIS MENSAE, a stormy archipelago; Syrtis Islands to the locals
  82. the NIRGAL VALLEY, a dry prairie north of Argyre
  83. NOACHIA, a cratered desert; impact chaos
  84. NOCTIS LABYRINTHUS, the Maze of Night at the head of Mariner Canyon; snowy plateaus, dark-wooded canyons
  85. NORTH SEA, Mars's mother ocean, alive again
  86. OLYMPUS, a quickly glaciating monster
  87. OPHIR CHASMA, north-central arm of Mariner Canyon, now a small sound full of islands
  88. ORCUS PATERA, a shattered shield volcano, now twin craggy islands
  89. OUDEMANS, a crater just south of upper Mariner Canyon, now lake-filled
  90. the OUTFLOW CHANNELS, Mariner Canyon's delta
  91. OXIA PALLIS, a crater largely worn away by the Mariner flood
  92. PAVONIS MONS, a volcano of Tharsis, rivaling Oympus in height; narrow cliffwalled throat
  93. PHLEGRA PENINSULA, a rugged peninsula of northern Elysium
  94. PROTO COAST, a vast, cool coastal forest north of Araby
  95. PROTONILUS MENSAE, a Siberian archipelago off the Proto Coast; to the locals, the Proto Islands
  96. REULL VALLEY, a broad river valley east of Hellas Basin. Warm for the Southlands.
  97. SCHIAPARELLI, a great crater in Meridia, now an oasis--marsh, savanna and woods.
  98. SHALBATANA VALLEY, an old outflow channel just north of Ganges Chasma; now a river valley
  99. SIMUD VALLEY, an outflow channel, now the mouth of Mariner Sound
  100. SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS: Noachia, Aonia and Sirena, Cimmeria, Promethea, Hesperia; broken by the great lowlands of Hellas and Argyre
  101. SYRTIS, the green west coast of Isidis Bay, rising to dark Mt Nili
  102. TEMPE, a Martian Siberia, north of Tharsis; cold woods, bare ridges
  103. THARSIS RISE or BULGE, a huge lava plateau rising into space
  104. THARSIS THOLUS or MT THARSIS, a large volcano near the east edge of Tharsis Bulge
  105. TITHONIUS CHASMA, a dead-end branch of Mariner Canyon, now much enlarged
  106. TIU VALLEY, an outflow channel, now an equatorial sound
  107. TRIVIUM CHARONTIS, eastern Elysium's fertile plain
  108. TYRRHENA, an equatorial yet alpine plateau between Hellas and Isidis Bay
  109. MT. TYRRHENIUS, a shield volcano east of Tyrrhrena Plateau and west of Hesperia
  110. UTOPIA PLANITIA, now the Sea of Utopia, a lobe of the Northern Ocean
  111. URANIUS PATERA, a large volcanic vent in north-central Tharsis, now a high-altitude crater lake
  112. VASTITAS BOREALIS, the northern sea-basin, now refilled
  113. XANTHE, a channeled plain--warm, but how fertile? I suspect a savanna heart but wooded ends

Map of Mars. Click a feature to go there.
Index of Martian place names



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