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Venus Unveiled: A Gazetteer
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USING THIS LIST
- FINDING NAMES: Ignore words like "the", "Mt.", or "Lake." Mt. Hathor is under H, Cape Juno is under J.
- EACH ENTRY: the title links to a tour with local maps. Links inside an entry get you simple definitions.
- CAPITALS--Large or famous places are in CAPITALS.
- EAST AND WEST: on Venus, longitude is always measured east, from 0 right up to 359.
LAKE HABONDE: 8 N, 85 E
- A shallow but gigantic lake in northwest Aphrodite, triple the size of Lake Superior. It's just north of the Ovda Highlands, at the base of Cape Unelanuhi (it nearly turns the cape into a huge island). Lake Habonde drains into Adivar Bay. Large wetlands line the shores. The surrounding land is fertile, with a mild subtropical climate: open woods and savanna.
Mt Hallgerda: 50 N, 210 E
- Highest peak in the Tail Islands, Mt. Hallgerda stands on the south shore of West Bathkol, wrapped in some of the densest jungle on Venus, and looks out over the Vinmara Sea.
Hanghepiwi: 55 S, 25 E
- Hanghepiwi, in the central Lada Archipelago, is a rainforested island 350 km long, shaped like a molar. Hanghepiwi (pronounced a bit like "hang happily" if you're morbid, or "honky peewee" if you're merely obnoxious) is a twisting ridge of lava flows from Mt. Ammavaru. The climate is warm, the scenery Sumatran, the danger Krakatoan (since Ammavaru may still be active).
Lake Hanka: 27 S, 113 E
- A wasp-waisted lake 600 km long, the largest in Juno Chasma, on Aphrodite's southwest coast. Lake Hanka drains to the west down the chasma, into Lake Katrya. To the north lie Viriplaca Steppe and Lake Morongo, and to the south, Sudice Bay. To the east are the Great Lakes of Artemis. The ranges flanking the lake are steep folds covered by subtropical forest.
HASSTTSE-BAAD DESERT: 5 N to 5 S, 120-155 E
- The Hassttse-baad Desert, largest on Venus, covers the north-central coast of Aphrodite, stretching over 3000 km from the grassy Bonnan Steppes north of Thetis to Rusalka Bay. Equatorial rings now shade Venus, but in doing so, they create a belt of cool dry air descending in the ring-shadow. Dry winds tend to blow outward from the equator. When they blow over a warm sea, they eventually moisten, but in central Aphrodite, these prevailing winds blow from the heart of the great continent. There are spots in the Hassttse-baad that have never seen rain. It's not an unbroken strip--in the east, Nemcova Bay winds 600 km inland, creating great salt marshes. The strange central coast is gashed by hundreds of fossae (deep, narrow cracks); those near the water form desert fjords--more Mars than Venus--while inland fossae form linear canyons hundreds of km long, dotted with waterholes and seeps. The east coast breaks up around Budevska Sound, a coral bay 1200 km long, like a wider Sea of Cortez. Three major island chains stretch offshore: the Gegutes sprawl 2000 km north from Nemcova Bay, but even the central Kubebas and Kamadhenus are each as large as the Galapagos, and the eastern Urutongas are gigantic, with three islands bigger than Sicily. Oops, four chains--I forgot the stark little Hwangcinis--but then everyone does except seabirds.
HATHOR: 40 S, 325 E
- 1) Mt. Hathor, in southern Dione, east of Themis, is one of the higher mountains in the southern hemisphere.
- 2) The Hathor Peninsula is the southern part of Dione, fully a third of that small continent. It's a dense hardwood rainforest in the heart of the Megazoic zone, broken only by the rainshadow cast by Mt. Hathor at its north end. Off Hathor's southwest shore is Rakapilo Island; in the south, Morrigan Sound cuts deep into the forest. Wide Oma Peninsula in the southeast is a great swath of curving ridges, like the Appalachians smothered in jungle. Off the east shore is Dix, a crater-island, one of several ring-islands off Dione. Northeast is Innini, another great volcano forming a near-island; it's the land-bridge to the rest of Dione. Due north is central Dione Gulf.
HECATE SEA: 0 N, 255 E
- A large irregular island-dotted sea, east of Aphrodite, between the continents of Beta and Phoebe. Hecate is the heart of the "hot triangle", the region suspected to be the most volcanically active today on Venus--a triangle bounded by Beta, Themis and Mt Maat on Aphrodite.
HECATE CHASMA: 15 N,-20, 225-270
- a very long, complex series of rifts and ridges winding from Aphrodite east to Beta, through shallow seas, creating long peninsulas, islands and trenches.
Heidi Gulf, Lake Heidi, Heidi Is.: 24 N, 347 E
- Heidi Gulf, off northwest Eistla, is a shallow sound 100-150 km wide and 450 long, dotted with islets. The Heidis, a small island arc, shelter the bay from the north; to the west is long Cape Audrey. The land is rainforested; the sea, a coral garden. Southwest of the bay, at the very base of Cape Audrey, is Lake Heidi, 120 km wide. At least three large, unnamed lakes or lagoons dot the Gulf shore. Inland the land rises to Mt Sif. On its knee are two impact craters, Heidi and Audrey--the sources of the names.
HELEN SEA: 45 S, 240 E
- a wide, shallow south sea, between Themis, Imdr, and Chondi. Its west end contains both islands (see Chuginadak) and submarine craters or "blue holes," often rimmed by coral ridges.
Lake Helvi: 12 N, 85 E
- Helvi is a crescent-shaped lake on Cape Unelanuhi, in northeast Aphrodite. Though Helvi's 200 km wide, it's only a puddle next to giant Lake Habonde, just to the south, which Helvi drains into, via a wide channel--so wide that they really could be considered one gigantic lake.
Heng-O Islands: 5 S, 0 E
- Ring-shaped Heng-O Chasma lies drowned between Alpha and Eistla, in the Guinevere Sea, except for the narrow arc of the Heng-O Islets and reefs, none of them more than few kilometers wide, but hundreds of kilometers long. Inside the ring is one true island, Mt. Perynya, a small volcanic cone. Outside the ring, to the southeast, lies Dewi Ratih, a rugged island 180 km long--the flanking ridge of another chasma. Dewi Ratih and smaller Atargotis, another 500 km southeast, are the only flyway in to the islands from the south, via the Fatua Archipelago. A northern flyway leads to Eistla too, via the Changko Islands.
Henwen Plain, Lake Henwen: 20 S, 180 E
- Henwen Plain is a steppe in southern Aphrodite near Dali Chasma, some 700 km across. Near-desert in the mountainous north, the grasslands grow more fertile near Poranica Bay. In the southeast, long Lake Henwen jabs like a dart into the flank of the Dzyzlan Mts. To the north is basin-and-range country rather like Nevada.
Lake Hervor: 24 S, 269 E
- Lake Hervor is a classic corona-lake, round and cliff-lined, looking almost like a flooded caldera, but too big--200 km wide. It's at the head of Mielikki Sound, in Parga Chasma. Smaller Lake Chuku feeds into Hervor from the west, and Hervor drains east into the Sound. Hardwood groves line the lakeshore; pines cling to the red cliffs.
HESTIA RANGE, Hestia Rupes: 8 N, 70 E
- the range at the west end of Aphrodite. Jutting 1000 km into the sea, it forms the upper jaw of the scorpion-shape. The north slope is steep, faintly resembling the edge of Lakshmi Plateau (though lower), and forested. The gentler south slope is part of the Manatum Tessera, a strange region of red-cliffed, tree-topped mesas with green canyons between them, regularly spaced. In the west, the range narrows to a sudden neck and the plateau falls sharply into oval Ningal Gulf.
Hiei Chu: 48 N, 100 E
- A ring-island 100 km wide, Hiei Chu is a caldera rising from the Niobe Ocean 500 km northeast of Tellus.
Its nearest large neighbor is Medeina, just off Tellus; to the south are the small Erkeleys, and 500 km further east, Kurukulla is a stepping-stone to the Akkruvas.
The High Lakes: 40 S, 283-300 E
- A chain of six great lakes winding 1600 km through the mountain chasmas of central Themis:. From west to east, they're: Lakes Shulamite, Latta, Tacoma, Zywie, Semiramus, and Rodina. The High Lakes are hot and rainy, though being upland valleys sheltered by the mountains, it's less steamy and stormy than the Themis lowlands--but that just means six meters of rain a year instead of 12.
Hinemoa Bay or Sea: 8 N, 270 E
- a large bay east of the Hecate Sea, bounded by Phoebe, Asteria, and the Isle of Aruru.
Hippolyta Islands: 40 S, 340 E
- The Hippolyta chain stretches 850 km east-west, in the middle of the Lavinia Sea, between Alpha and Dione. The four central islands are all narrow, rugged ridges; the largest is 250 km long. All are covered in hardwood rainforest--this is the heart of the torrid zone. Beaches are few; most of the Hippolytas' shores are cliffs dropping straight into the depths of Nilanti Gulf. Two satellite groups, North and South Hippolyta, each about 200 km off the main line, are equally rugged, rainy and warm. They're closer to the Hathor mainland, and are the only practical flyways in or out of Hippolyta.
Cape Hiromi: 39 N, 290 E
- A subtropical, forested, rugged cape 100 km long poking northeast from Beta. To the north is Cape Daphne; to the south, Cape Emegen, a near-twin of Hiromi, and Blathnat Hole, a circular deep just offshore. This northeast coast is all rugged capes and bays--fingers of the high Devana Range to the west.
Hlineu Islands: 37 S, 235 E
- Easy to remember, if not pronounce: the Hlineu Islands do form a line, an east-west line in the middle of the Helen Sea, pointing roughly at the much larger island of Chuginadak. Though little bigger than Hawaii, they're lush and full of unique species. To the west, the Hlineu line bends, then becomes the cliff-walled Achek Islands.
Holla Islands: 13 S, 240 E
- A small chain off southeast Aphrodite, in the Hecate Sea, just north of Chondi. Part of the Dziwica Islands (roughly pronounced "divitsa,") the Hollas are the east end of a long undersea ridge paralleling Chondi that breaks the surface now and then--a spur-ridge of the long Parga Chasma. In a few centuries, the growing coral reefs in the shallows along the ridge will make Dziwica a diver's mecca, enlarge and possibly link the Holla Islands, and possibly link them to Erkir, too, just to the west. To the south is Cape Gabriela on Chondi; to the north and east is deep water, broken only by Dhorani, 300 km away.
Hulda Islands: 13 N, 307 E
- The Huldas are northeast of Phoebe in the center of the long Navka island chain. Hulda proper, by far the largest island, is an arc some 300 km across, though never over 50 km wide. The cluster is just the tip of a submerged corona even wider than Atanua, just to the south. To the northwest is Cape Domnika in Beta, a long day's flight over deep water. To the east is 2500 km of open sea, with only Tuli Seamount (never breaking the surface, though its summit is a coral garden) 500 km out, and lonely Beiwe, 1200 km out, as landmarks, before reaching the mainland of Eistla.
Cape Huraru: 8 N, 68 E
- A twisting, forked peninsula 250 km long, breaking the otherwise straight shore below the Hestia Mts of far west Aphrodite. The name has worn down a bit from its original: H'uraru Corona. Open forests and hanging meadows cling to cliffs above deep little sounds. The cape points across Adivar Bay toward the Riley Is.
Husbishag Hills: 22 S, 100 E
- A low but rugged tessera field just north of Cape Juno, on Aphrodite's southwest coast. To the north are the Gauri Mts. and Gail Bay. Offshore are the Emilia Islands. The hills are steep rock fins and ridges rather like the convolutions of a brain, covered in low subtropical forest, with fingerlakes down in the folds.
Hwangcini Is.: 7 N, 142 E
- Hwangcini is an impact crater forming a ring-island 40 km across, off Aphrodites's central coast. Dry winds off the mainland's Hassttse-baad Desert keep it barren--just rock and sparse brush, with no permanent streams. But the wall's breached on the north side, so the crater floor's become a coral lagoon like Oahu's Hanauma Bay. Further offshore, on the northern horizon, a splash ridge rising from the sea forms a slender island 120 km long, wringing enough drizzle to support grasslands. Similar islets dot the shallow sea to the east for 400 km, some mere rocks, some large enough for grasslands. To the north and west is open sea; but 300 km east past the last rock is the far larger and greener Urutonga Archipelago. Thousands of seabirds nest in the Hwangcinis. About the only large mammals are winged antelope, who visit after the sparse rains, sing praises to the grass, eat it, and move on.
Hyndla Mts: 23 N, 295 E
- The Hyndla range is on Beta's east coast. It roughly parallels Devana Chasma, 1000 km east of it, but is much lower than Devana's Mt Theia or Mt Rhea. Low but rugged, it's a mass of north-south whaleback tessera. Lake Hyndla is a 400-km long north-south lake draining the wide, semi-arid Truth Steppe between the Devana and Hyndla highlands. In the north, the Hyndlas swing inland to meet Mt. Rhea; the east coast is a second great prairie, the Sanger Steppe, draining into Aikhylu Bay at its south end.
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